1. Taking into account the nature of the company's activity and/or that of the production unit concerned, the employer shall assess the hazards for the health and safety of the workers, including those for groups of workers exposed to particular risks, in choosing the working equipment and the substances or chemical preparations to be utilized, as well as in the layout of the places of work.
1. For the purposes of the present document, the following meanings are intended: a) computer screen: an alphanumerical or graphic screen, independent of the type of visualization procedure utilized; b) workstation: set-up including the equipment having a computer screen, with or without keyboard or other data entry system, or software for the interface between operator and machine, optional accessories, auxiliary equipment, including disk drive, telephone, modem, printer, support for documents, chair, working surface and working environment in the immediate vicinity; c) worker: the worker who utilizes a piece of equipment having a computer screen, regularly or habitually, for twenty hours per week, minus the interruptions specified in Article 54.
1. In evaluating the risk mentioned in Art. 4, par. 1, the employer shall analyse workstations paying particular attention to the following: a) risks to sight and eyes; b) problems linked to posture and physical or mental fatigue; c) ergonomics and environmental hygiene.
2. The employer shall adopt appropriate measures in order to eliminate the risks identified on the basis of the evaluation specified in par. 1, taking into account the sum, i.e. the combined incidence, of the risks identified.
1. The employer shall provide workers with information regarding the following aspects in particular: a) measures applicable to the workstation, on the basis of the analysis of the same as specified in Art. 52; b) method of carrying out the job; c) protection of eyes and sight.
2. The employer shall insure that workers receive adequate training, particularly with regard to the aspects specified in par. 1.
3. The Minister of Labor and Welfare, by agreement with the Minister of Health, shall issue a decree establishing a guide for the use of computer screens.
Art. 58 - Conformity to legislation
1. Workstations, as defined in Article 51, par. 1, letter c), shall conform to the minimum requirements laid down in Appendix VII.
The obligations laid down in this appendix shall be applied in order to attain the objectives specified in document VI, providing that the features of the workplace so allow and that they do not contrast with the needs or intrinsic characteristics of the job.
a) General observation
d) Working surface
c) Reflections and glare
3. Computer/operator interface
When software is compiled, chosen, purchased or modified, and when job descriptions implying the use of computers are drawn up, the employer shall take into account the following factors: a) the software shall be adequate for the job that is to be carried out; b) the software shall be easy to use and, if necessary, adaptable to the level of knowledge and experience of the user; no mechanism for monitoring the quantity or quality of work may be used without the workers' knowledge; c) systems shall give provide workers with indications as to their functioning; d) systems shall provide information in a form and at a rate suited to the operators; e) the principles of ergonomics shall be applied in particular to the way information is processed by human beings.